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Name: _____ Period: _____ CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Below are exam

UCS, UCR, CS, CR?, Bill's mom followed the same routine before serving dinner- she would put ice in the glasses and then call "come and get it, dinner's ready." Immediately upon hearing those words, Bill would quickly run down the stairs.Classical Conditioning Practice UCS/UCR CS/CR quiz for 11th grade students. Find other quizzes for History and more on Quizizz for free!CSULB is not funded as well as the UCs so the education/connections formed may not be as good as UCR/UCSC Tech opportunities are not as abundant in the area compared to UCR/UCSC I feel like I would not grow as much as a person as I will be living with my parents still UCR: Pros: Socal vibe, I feel like UCR fits my personality the mostSepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology (Indonesian: Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, lit. 'Tenth of November Institute of Technology'; abbreviated as ITS) is a national public university located in Surabaya, East Java, with a strong emphasis on scientific, engineering, and vocational education system. Located on 180-hectares green area, ITS is home to more than 1,000 faculty members and ...In classical conditioning, organisms learn to associate events that repeatedly happen together, and researchers study how a reflexive response to a stimulus can be mapped to a different stimulus—by training an association between the two stimuli. Ivan Pavlov’s experiments show how stimulus-response bonds are formed. Watson, the founder of ...The food was an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) that could elicit salivation, the unconditioned response (UCR). The ringing, which was initially a neural stimulus, became a conditioned stimulus (CS) that could also elicit salivation, now called the conditioned response (CR) 2 .The dogs' salivation was an unconditioned response (UCR): a natural (unlearned) reaction to a given stimulus. Before conditioning, think of the dogs' stimulus and response like this: Meat powder (UCS) → Salivation (UCR) In classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus is presented immediately before an unconditioned stimulus.Nicotine is the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) and the pleasure caused by the sudden increase in dopamine levels is the unconditioned response (UCR). In a 2012 study on associative learning in smokers, Marianne Littel found that smokers show pronounced associative learning during a higher-order conditioning experiment in response to neutral …After she recovers from her squirrel attack, she refuses to go near the park. UCS squirrel attack. UCR Fear. NS Park. CS Park. CR Fear. Sharks are ...Remember, the personal insight questions are just that—personal. Which means you should use our guidance for each question just as a suggestion in case you need help. The important thing is expressing who you are, what matters to you and what you want to share with UC. 1. Describe an example of your leadership experience in which you have ...Meat powder (UCS) → Salivation (UCR)Meat powder (UCS) → Salivation (UCR) In classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus is presented immediately before an unconditioned stimulus. Pavlov would sound a tone (like ringing a bell) and then give the dogs the meat powder (Figure 2). Generally, police case numbers are not open to the public. Since police officers make arrests and investigate crimes, but only courts charge people with crimes, police records are not part of the court system and open to the public as court...ขั้นที่ 2 เสียงกระดิ่ง น้ำลายไหล (ucr) และผงเนื้อ (ucs) ทำขั้นที่ 2 ซ้ำกันหลาย ๆ ครั้ง ขั้นที่ 3 เสียงกระดิ่ง (cs) น้ำลายไหล (cr) ...Part 2: Instructions: For each of the scenarios below, identify the UCS, UCR, CS and CR. (8 marks). 1.While taking your first shower in the dorms, someone flushed a nearby toilet. Your comfy shower. now turns so scalding hot that you had to jump out of the stream of water. Now, whenever you hear a. flush while showering, you jump out of the way.At first, Albert showed no sign of fear when he was presented with rats, but once the rat was repeatedly paired with the loud noise (UCS), Albert developed a fear of rats. It could be said that the loud noise (UCS) induced fear (UCR). The implications of Watson’s experiment suggested that classical conditioning could cause some phobias …Leon Kamin’s concept that conditioning effect of neutral stimulus is blocked when already conditioned with UCS. In other words, once CS and UCS are paired, a second CS will not result in the same CR that the UCS received. The second CS is blocked because an association already exists between the first CS and the UCS.UCS: loud noise; UCR: fear; CS: white rat; CR: fear; 22 Q Define in terms of classical conditioning: extinction. A elimination of the CR through presenting the CS without the UCS repeatedly. Pavlov’s example: ring bell without food, dog will not salivate from bell Little Albert: present rat without loud noise, baby will not cry from rat. 23 Q4) call chroot to switch into the UCS system: chroot /mnt Now the filesystem is limited to the UCS system and all UCS commands should be available. For comitting all UCR variables, you can simply call “ucr commit”. Afterwards all config files are recreated from UCR variables. Of course you can additionally change everything you need.Psychology questions and answers. Name: Classical Conditioning Examples (1 point each) For each example below, correctly label the UCS, UCR, CS, and CR 1. Every time someone flushes a toilet in the apartment building the shower becomes very hot and causes the person to jump back. Over time, the person begins to jump back automatically after ...With so many web browsers available today, it can be overwhelming to choose the right one for your PC. However, UC Browser stands out from the crowd as an excellent choice for PC users. Not only does it offer a range of features and functio...Question: For each of the following, identify the NS, UCS, UCR, CS, and CR. 1. When Ann was a college freshman, she was assigned to live in a very old dormitory. The old plumbing system produced a problem when one person was taking a shower and one person need to flush the toilet-shortly after a person flushed the toilet, all of the cold water left the shower leavingYou have a dog named Molly. Molly is a “barker.” She barks at every person who walks by or who comes to the door. The UPS guy makes her “nuts.” You have heard that squirt bottle of water can be an effective training tool. First, how would you train Molly to stop barking using classical conditioning. Identify the UCS, UCR, CS and CR.Classical Conditioning Practice UCS/UCR CS/CR quiz for 11th grade students. Find other quizzes for History and more on Quizizz for free!UCS systems by default install ntpd and synchronize to the UCS master. The mentioned ucr variables define additional servers from where they will sync time. Do NOT use UCS hosts for these variables. Step 4. Configure UCS (at least) backup servers accordingly. Step 5. Monitor time synchronization with the tool “ntpq”.Provide an example of a situation not mentioned in the textbook or lecture that you think could be analyzed as an example of classical conditioning. As a reminder, only reflexes are considered classical conditioning like salivation in …Oct 21, 2023 · CS. CR. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like US the nasty burn UR crying CS the fire in the fireplace CR crying, US Mom calling com and get it UR running down the stairs CS Ice hitting the glasses CR running down the stairs, US driving in heavy storm UR Marco CS brake lights CR tense every time he sees brake light ... 24 thg 11, 2022 ... University College Roosevelt is pleased to announce that de Keuzegids Universiteiten 2023 has awarded UCR its label 'top ...Unconditioned stimulus (UCS): agent that leads to a response without training. Unconditioned response (UCR): automatic response to a ucs. Conditioned stimulus (CS): a former ns that comes to elicit a given response after pairing with a ucs. Conditioned response (CR): a learned response to a cs.UC Learning Center. A learning management system used throughout the UC system to deliver learning activities to employees, contingent workers, and campus affiliates. A …CR: fear. Just smelling his girlfriend's perfume makes Romeo feel happy and relaxed. UCS: the girlfriend's original pleasing behaviors. UCR: happiness. & relaxation. CS: the smell of her perfume. CR: happiness & relaxation. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Jamie was talked into riding on the roller coaster when ...UCR is doing much better. Merced is jumping in us news top 100 ranking - for a 15 year college. UCI is becoming more selective with 30k more applicants than UC Davis. Basic takeaway - there is no safety in UCs unless one has ELC. 52.The unconditioned stimulus (UCS) is a stimulus that causes a response unconditionally, spontaneously, and automatically in the learning process known as classical conditioning. In other words, the response occurs without any prior knowledge. The unconditioned stimulus in this case is the fragrance of the meal.Identify the NS, UCS, UCR, CS, & CR for the following: My dear aunt always uses the same shampoo. soon, the smell of that shampoo makes me feel happy. Positive Reinforcement. Increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli, such as food; any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response. Disclaimervideo is for educational purpose only. Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for" fair use" for purpo...UC application. Nine campuses. One application. Welcome to the University of California's application for undergraduate admissions and scholarships. By starting your application, …From the minds behind TechCrunch comes a brand-new TC Sessions event dedicated to the climate crisis. Leading scientists, entrepreneurs, VCs and more will gather on June 14 at UC Berkeley to examine the role of tech and startups in mitigati...Identify the NS, UCS, UCR, CS, & CR for the following: My dear aunt always uses the same shampoo. soon, the smell of that shampoo makes me feel happy. Positive Reinforcement. Increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli, such as food; any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response.UCS produces UCR. CR produces the CS. UCR produces the CS. CS produces the UCS. Multiple Choice. Edit. Please save your changes before editing any questions. 30 seconds. 1 pt. Dylan’s mother buys him a sailor’s cap before they go on a family fishing trip. On the boat, Dylan gets nauseated and vomits. Th e next day he gets nauseated just ...The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program generates reliable statistics for use in law enforcement. It also provides information for students of criminal justice, researchers, the media, and the public. The program has been providing crime statistics since 1930. The UCR Program includes data from more than 18,000 city, university and college ... b. Retail gas market. Verified answer. accounting. Find the accumulated amount at the end of 9 months on a $2100 bank deposit paying simple interest at a rate of 6%/year. (Round your answer to the nearest cent.) Verified answer.STEP 1: Think of different, specific, examples of things you have learned through the types of conditioning discussed in this module. Write a discussion post explaining the behaviors you learned, and identify the key "components" and vocabulary of the learning, such as the UCS, UCR, CS, CR, positive or negative reinforcement, shaping, etc.1. CS- Alice comes near the pond (she usually gives them food) UCS- Geese looks for food. UCR- Geese go to the source or place of food to eat them. CR- Geese visit Alice thinking that it will get food from her. 2. CS- Julie's father approaches her or …. View the full answer. Transcribed image text: Lesson 4: Learning 1 Read the textbook ... The UC application opens on July 1 for winter admission and Aug. 1 for fall admission. The fee is $70 for each UC. You can apply for a fee waiver — provided you have your family’s income and the number of people supported by it — when you fill out the application. The winter application filing period is July 1–31.Watson and Raynor tested Albert to make sure he did not already have a fear response. DURING CONDITIONING. Repeatedly paired the white rat with a loud noise producing a FEAR responce. AFTER CONDITIONING. Whenever Albert was presented with the white rat, he would produce a FEAR response. NS. UCS. UCR. CS. UCS-UCR; CS-CR. Pavlov's dog salivated each time food was presented. Salivation in this situation was the. unconditioned stimulus. In Pavlov's well-known study on classical conditioning, the bell was the _____ before conditioning and the _____ after conditioning had occurred. neutral stimulus; conditioned stimulus ...Identify each part of classical conditioning for the example below (NS, UCS, UCR, CS, and CR): Rita was in a car accident on the interstate. She did not get seriously injured but the accident terrified her. Now she avoids the interstate, because driving on it makes her too tense and nervous. My cat Clio loves to eat.ขั้นที่ 2 เสียงกระดิ่ง น้ำลายไหล (ucr) และผงเนื้อ (ucs) ทำขั้นที่ 2 ซ้ำกันหลาย ๆ ครั้ง ขั้นที่ 3 เสียงกระดิ่ง (cs) น้ำลายไหล (cr) ...The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program generates reliable statistics for use in law enforcement. It also provides information for students of criminal justice, researchers, the media, and the public. The program has been providing crime statistics since 1930. The UCR Program includes data from more than 18,000 city, university and college ... Classical conditioning is a form of unconscious learning that was popularized by Ivan Pavlov , a Russian physiologist. Today, classical conditioning is often used as a therapeutic technique to change or modify negative behaviors, such as substance use . Read on to find out more about classical conditioning and how it’s used today.Meat powder (UCS) → Salivation (UCR) In classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus is presented immediately before an unconditioned stimulus. Pavlov would sound a tone (like ringing a bell) and then give the dogs the meat powder (Figure 2).Psychology questions and answers. On several occasions, Edward is yelled at by his soccer coach. Before long, Edward begins to shake whenever he drives to soccer practice. Explain this situation in terms of classical conditioning, identifying the UCS, UCR, CS, and CR. Edward soon shows signs of fearing other men in addition to his soccer coach ...What are the UCS, CS, UCR, and CR here? So far, all of the examples have involved food, but classical conditioning extends beyond the basic need to be fed. Consider our earlier example of a dog whose owners install an invisible electric dog fence. What is UCS UCR CS and CR in psychology? UCS: Each presentation of the CS is followed closely by presentation of the UCS (unconditioned stimulus)—for example, the puff of air. UCR: Presentation of the UCS causes a UCR (an eye blink). CR: After a sufficient number of presentations of the CS followed by the UCS, the experimenter presents the CS ...a. A puff of air blown in the eye (UCS) produces blinking (UCR). b. Placing food in the mouth (UCS) causes salivation (UCR). c. A hot environment (UCS) causes sweating (UCR). d. A loud sound (UCS) causes behavioral signs of fear (UCR). 3. A conditioned stimulus (CS) is a stimulus that has come to elicit a conditioned response (Cr) because the ...Remember, the personal insight questions are just that—personal. Which means you should use our guidance for each question just as a suggestion in case you need help. The important thing is expressing who you are, what matters to you and what you want to share with UC. 1. Describe an example of your leadership experience in which you have ...you should label the UCS, UCR, CS, and CR. II. If you decide the situation seems to be an example of operant conditioning, you should decide which of the following principles best fits: A. positive reinforcement B. negative reinforcement C. positive punishment D. negative punishment SCENE ONE A very bright (mildly painful) light is turned on a rat.1. Describe Pavlov's Classical Conditioning experiments with dogs. Be sure to identify the UCS, UCR, NS, CS, and CR. Pavlov had a dog for the experiment. The UCS was a dog bone. The UCR was salivating. The NS was a bell. Pavlov rang the bell each time he gave the dog a bone. Eventually, The bell ringing became a CS, and Salivating at the sound ...What are the UCS, UCR, CS, and CR, respectively? Job interview, feeling nervous and anxious, flying, feeling nervous and anxious about flying During the conditioning process of Pavlov's dogs, what element of classical conditioning did the bell and food play?Terms in this set (4) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Food for Pavlov's dog. Unconditioned Response (UCR) Pavlov's dog's salivation (before conditioning). Conditioned Response (CR) Pavlov's dog's salivation (after conditioning). Conditioned Stimulus (CS) The bell in Pavlov's experiment. What is the UCS UCR CS and CR in classical conditioning? The Classical Conditioning Model When the conditioned stimulus (CS) is paired over and over again with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), it eventually elicits a response, equivalent to an unconditioned response (UCR), that is now a conditioned response (CR). Application fees & waivers. The application fee is $80 for each UC campus ($95 for international and non-immigrant applicants). You can make your payment either by credit …Classical Conditioning Practice UCS/UCR CS/CR quiz for 11th grade students. Find other quizzes for History and more on Quizizz for free!What is the UCS UCR CS and CR in classical conditioning? The Classical Conditioning Model When the conditioned stimulus (CS) is paired over and over again with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), it eventually elicits a response, equivalent to an unconditioned response (UCR), that is now a conditioned response (CR). What is UCS UCR CS and CR in psychology? UCS: Each presentation of the CS is followed closely by presentation of the UCS (unconditioned stimulus)—for example, the puff of air. UCR: Presentation of the UCS causes a UCR (an eye blink). CR: After a sufficient number of presentations of the CS followed by the UCS, the experimenter presents the CS ...Think of different, specific, examples of things you have learned through the types of conditioning discussed in this module. Write a discussion post explaining the behaviors you learned, and identify the key "components" and vocabulary of the learning, such as the UCS, UCR, CS, CR, positive or negative reinforcement, shaping, etc.a. UCR, UCS b. UCS, UCR c. CS, CR d. CR, CS. B. 37. By pairing the ringing of a bell with the presentation of meat, Pavlov trained dogs to salivate to the sound of a bell even when no meat was presented. In this experiment, the ringing of the bell was the _____. a. unconditioned stimulus b. unconditioned response c. conditioned stimulus3. Unconditioned Response (UCR) = salivate. 4. Conditioned Stimulus (CS) = Bell. 5. Conditioned Response (CR) = salivate. Give example of classical conditioning, and identify, NS, UCS, UCR, CS, and CR. in that example. Samantha is watching a storm from her window. Lightning flashes followed by thunder. Psychology questions and answers. Instructions: For the exercises below, do the following: 1. Identify whether the example demonstrates Classical or Operant Conditioning 2. For Classical Conditioning, identify the UCS, UCR, CS, and CR. For Operant Conditioning, identify whether the stimulus is positive or negative and reinforcement or punishment.Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like describe Pavlov's classical conditioning studies in terms of the UCS, UCR, CS, CR and his results, briefly discuss two example of classical conditioning in your own life, naming the UCS, UCR, CS, and, CR., list and explain positive and negative coping mechanisms. based on what you learned, how can you attain a higher level of ... UCS: unconditioned stimulus, naturally elicits an unlearned response without pairing (meat) UCR: unconditioned response, unlearned reaction to the UCS (salivation in response to meat) CS: conditioned stimulus, stimulus that acquires ability to produce a response as a result of being paired with UCS (bell) CR: conditioned response, learned response …Oct 21, 2023 · Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Extinction occurs when a ________ is no longer paired with a ________. A) UCR; CR B)CS; UCR C)UCS; UCR D)CS; UCS E) UCS; CR, Toddlers taught to fear speeding cars may also begin to fear speeding trucks and motorcycles. This best illustrates:, B.F. Skinner's work elaborated what E.L. Thorndike had called and more. Thus, food served as an UCS to elicit salivation, the unconditioned response (UCR; Chance 2009). ... (UCS) elicits increased heart rate (UCR). Cross-References.Meat powder (UCS) → Salivation (UCR) In classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus is presented immediately before an unconditioned stimulus. Pavlov would sound a tone (like ringing a bell) and then give the dogs the meat powder The tone was the neutral stimulus (NS), which is a stimulus that does not naturally elicit a response. ...The unconditioned response (UCR) is the unlearned response that automatically follows the UCS. The neutral stimulus is a stimulus that happened to be present just before the UCS. It normally doesn't trigger an automatic response. But because it becomes "associated" or "linked" with the UCS through learning, it becomes the conditioned stimulus (CS).Classical conditioning - procedure by which a neutral stimulus is regularly paired with a UCS & the neutral stimulus becomes a CS, which elicits a CR that is similar to the original, unlearned one. Principles of classical conditioning. Extinction - repeating the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus, and the CR disappears.UCR: unconditioned response, 非条件反应 ,例如眨眼,看见食物流口水,这类的先天不用人教也不用经历,甚至到很大了都不知道为什么要这么做,直接就会去本能地做出反应。. UCS: unconditioned stimulus,非条件刺激。. 这种刺激对应UR,比如你看见食物流口水,食物 ...WATERPROOF JACQUARD SEAT COVERS ISUZU MU-X(UCS-UCR )LS-M, LS-T,LS-U SUV 2015-CURRENT CUSTOM MADE · custom made front & middle · canvas like jacquard · 100% ...UC Riverside is one of five UCs with a new center to study labor policies, jobs, and economic and social impacts of labor. Part of a University of California- wide initiative, UCR’s new Inland Empire Labor and Community Research Center, or UCR IELCC, is supported by California funds allocated in the 2022-23 state budget.Psychology. Psychology questions and answers. For the scenario presented below, identify the five major elements of classical conditioning: NS, UCS, UCR, CS, CR. Each answer is only ONE OR TWO words, just like the examples we discuss (ed) in class. If you write a sentence, it will be incorrect because it will include many elements that are NOT ...Unified communications and collaboration (UC&C) tools don’t just power in-company communication. Office Technology | Tip List WRITTEN BY: Corey McCraw Published June 29, 2022 Corey McCraw is a staff writer covering VoIP and Unified Communic...CR: fear. Just smelling his girlfriend's perfume makes Romeo feel happy and relaxed. UCS: the girlfriend's original pleasing behaviors. UCR: happiness. & relaxation. CS: the smell of her perfume. CR: happiness & relaxation. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Jamie was talked into riding on the roller coaster when ...siren of the ambulance is the UCS. feeling of fear is the UCR. when the UCS and UCR is paired, a NS will be introduced, and the next time you heard a siren (CS), you will feel fearful(CR) right away. Stimulus generalization is the tendency for conditioned stimulus to make similar responses after a conditioned response.UCR Registration. v 23.10.1. Not sure if you need to register? Click Here. Enter USDOT to begin *. View Terms & Conditions.Meat powder (UCS) → Salivation (UCR) In classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus is presented immediately before an unconditioned stimulus. Pavlov would sound a tone (like ringing a bell) and then give the dogs the meat powder The tone was the neutral stimulus (NS), which is a stimulus that does not naturally elicit a response. ...According to learning theory, over great numbers of learning trials in which the CS co-occurs with both UCS and UCR, the initial CS—US association will gradually transform into a direct CS—UCR association that is more persistent and elicits the response in an automatic-like manner (Unger et al., 2003). This may underlie the learning of ...UCS = สิ่งเร้าไม่มีเงื่อนไข (unconditioned Stimulus) เป็นสิ่งเร้าที่ทำให้เกิดกิริยาสะท้อนหนึ่งๆ อย่างอัตโนมัติ เช่นผงเนื้อ (ทำให้น้ำลายไหล). UCR = การตอบสนอง ...If the example is one of respondent learning, indicate the following: UCS, UCR, CS, CR. If the example is one of operant conditioning, identify the R and S. Share. Terms in this set (6) Respondent Learning: USC- tainted mayo UCR- nauseated CS- mention of tuna CR- nauseated.Question: Classical conditioning Remember:The US (unconditioned stimulus) is the stimulus that automatically triggers a bodily response or emotional reaction.The UCR (unconditioned response) is the response the UCS triggers. No learning is required for the UCS->UCR.If some neutral stimulus is present before or during the UCS, it can becomeA week later, when Alexander's parents started to light another fire in the fireplace, Alexander began to cry. ‐ UCS -The nasty burn. ‐ UCR -Crying. ‐ CS -The fire in the fireplace. ‐ CR -Crying. Bianca's mom followed the same routine before serving dinner -she would put ice in the glasses and then call "come and get it, dinner's ready."Part 2: Instructions: For each of the scenarios below, identify the UCS, UCR, CS and CR. (8. marks). 1.While taking your first shower in the dorms, someone flushed a nearby toilet. Your comfy shower. now turns so scalding hot that you had to jump out of the stream of water. Now, whenever you hear a. flush while showering, you jump out of the way.Jun 17, 2023 · From an evolutionary perspective, it is very adaptive that human beings have this UCS – UCR connection. Perhaps the person getting sick has eaten something poisonous. Instead of other people taking too much time trying to understand what has happened, it is much better to have an immediate reaction. 7. Flying Baseball (Leads to Dodging) . At UC Riverside you won’t just take classes—you’llLocation. 1156 High St. 900 University Ave. City Na See answer (1) Best Answer. Copy. NS = Neutral Stimulus. UCR = Unconditioned Response. UCS = Unconditioned Stimulus. CS = Conditioned Stimulus. CR = Conditioned Response. Wiki User.In this case, what are the UCS, CS, UCR, and CR?] Days later, Little Albert demonstrated stimulus generalization—he became afraid of other furry things: a rabbit, a furry coat, and even a Santa Claus mask (Figure 10). Watson had succeeded in conditioning a fear response in Little Albert, thus demonstrating that emotions could become ... Classical and Operant Conditioning Examples Directions: For each ex UCS: UCR: CS: CR: Oftentimes physicians will give treatments that make people uncomfortable (a shot, for example). After this happens several times, people will begin feeling uncomfortable at the sight of anyone in a white lab coat. UCS: UCR: CS: CR: Fred has a fluffy down pillow with some of the down sticking out of the fabric.classical conditioning. is a process by which we learn to associate stimuli and, consequently, to anticipate events. Figure 1. Ivan Pavlov’s research on the digestive system of dogs unexpectedly led to his discovery of the learning process now known as classical conditioning. Pavlov came to his conclusions about how learning occurs completely ... The UCR is usually a physiological response that ...

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